Ten Idioms from Cartoons

As a part of my effort to use interesting ways for teaching English, I’ve decided to gather a collection of pictures from popular cartoons which are perfect for teaching idioms in English. You can use these images for practicing speaking and vocabulary.

Every image represents one idiom. The focus of you lesson would be to explore the meaning of the idiom and to analyze the image, and figure out how to relate the image to the idiom. Along the way, you could:

  • Introduce other idioms
  • Talk about the cartoon
  • Talk about situations when students were in the similar situation

Exercise: Each image illustrates one idiom. There are three possible answers below each image, and the goal is find the correct one. (Correct answers are in the end of this article).

1. Against the clock

idiom_against_the_clock

a) In a great hurry to get something done before a particular time.
b) Just in time, at the last possible moment.
c) Not worrying about the time.

2. Better late than never

idiom_better_late_than_never

a) You should not be late.
b) It is better to do something after it was supposed to have been done than not to do it at all.
c) It is better not to do anything if you are going to be late.

3. Have eyes in the back of your head

idiom_have_eyes_in_the_back_of_your_head

a) To wear glasses.
b) To know everything that is happening around you.
c) To have a friend behind your back.

4. Tip of the iceberg

idiom_tip_of_the_iceberg

a) The part of a problem that can be seen, with far more serious problems lying underneath.
b) Uncertain situation that could cause harm.
c) Almost doing or experiencing something.

5. Keep an eye on

idiom_keep_an_eye_on

a) To be enthusiastic about someone or something.
b) To be responsible for someone or something.
c) To watch or give your attention to someone or something.

6. It’s raining cats and dogs

idiom_raining_cats_and_dogs

a) To fall or drop down on someone or something like rain.
b) To rain very heavily.
c) Doing something that spoils someone’s plans.

7. Smell something fishy

idiom_smell_something_fishy

a) To seem suspicious.
b) To seem to easy to be true.
c) To have a strong or unpleasant smell.

8. Miss the boat

idiom_miss_the_boat

a) Not being able to do something because it’s too difficult.
b) To be just in time, at the last possible moment.
c) To be too late to get something that you want.

9. Not see the forest for the trees

idiom_not_see_forest_for_the_trees

a) To pay too much attention to details and not understand the general situation.
b) To do everything others are doing.
c) To be lost and unable to find the way.

10. Sleep on it

idiom_sleep_on_it

a) To sleep until you’re fully relaxed.
b) To wait before making an important decision.
c) To sleep despite the problems and worries you might have.

Answers:

1. a            2. b          3. b            4. a             5. c
6.b            7. a           8. c            9. a             10. b

Teaching English with Music (Bleeding Love)

Here is a song for reviewing vocabulary and the Past Simple form of the verbs. The text is not demanding, so you can use it with pre-intermediate students. If you use this song for teaching intermediate students, you should include additional questions in order to analyze the lyrics, and thus encourage students to practice speaking.

English music lesson: Leona Lewis “Bleeding Love”

Closed off from _______ music_English_lesson

I didn’t need the _______

_______ or twice was enough

And it was all in _______

_______ starts to pass

Before you know it you’re frozen

 

But something happened

For the very first time with you

My _______ melts into the ground

Found something _______

And everyone’s looking round

Thinking I’m going crazy

 

But I don’t care what they / day say

I’m in love wit / with you

They try to / too pull me away

But they don’t know the truth / true

Mine / My heart’s crippled by the vein

That I keep on closing

You cut me open and I

 

Keep bleeding

Keep, keep bleeding love

I keep bleeding

I keep, keep bleeding love

Keep bleeding

Keep, keep bleeding love

You cut me open

 

Trying hard not to hear music_English_lesson

But they talk so loud

Their piercing sounds fill my ears

Try to fill me with doubt

Yet I know that the goal

Is to keep me from falling

 

But nothing’s _______than the rush that comes with your embrace

And in this world of _______

I see your face

Yet _______ around me

Thinks that I’m going crazy, maybe, maybe

 

___ They try to pull me away music_English_lesson3

___ My heart’s crippled by the vein

___ But I don’t care what they say

___ But they don’t know the truth

___ You cut me open and I

___ I’m in love with you

___ That I keep on closing

Keep bleeding…

 

And it’s draining all of me

Oh they find it hard to believe

I’ll be wearing these scars

For everyone to see

Keep bleeding…

 

Additional exercise: Analyze (and / or translate) the expressions and try to use them in a sentence:

  • Closed off
  • In vain
  • Pull away
  • Keep from

Seven Songs for Teaching Past Simple

I have created a list of songs, which are perfect for teaching Past Simple tense in English. All of the songs are relatively new and popular, so they would especially be suitable for teaching teenagers. While the primary goal would be teaching Past Simple, you can always add a few more exercises in order to work on vocabulary or grammar.

Coldplay – Paradise
Past Simple is often used for retelling the events that happened in the past. This song is perfect for illustrating this usage. The verbs to teach: was, expected, flew, ran, closed, etc.

Passenger – The Wrong Direction
Seeing “When I was a kid…” at the beginning of the song lyrics, you know there has to be some Past Simple in there. Some of the verbs to teach in Past Simple: believed, hid, thought, broke, made, etc. This song can also be used for teaching would (I’d love, I’d jump) as well as nouns ending in –tion (inspection, direction, selection, connection, etc.).


Katy Perry – The One That Got Away
Apart from teaching Past Simple, with verbs met, got, planned, had, made, said, etc. you can also teach would for talking about future from a time in the past (I would make you stay, I would be your girl).

Torn – Natalie Imbruglia
This song is great for teaching Past Simple, as it has a lot of verbs, both regular and irregular (thought, saw, showed, came, adored, changed, had, crawled, etc.). In the additional exercises you can focus on describing how people feel (I am ashamed, I’m torn, I’m all out of faith, etc.).

Gotye – Somebody That I Used To Know
Your students will definitely know this song, having in mind how popular it was for a while. Start teaching Past Simple with the verbs said, felt, found, happened, etc. After that, you can teach used to for talking about things that happened in the past. In addition, compare used to with Past Simple for talking about past.

OneRepublic – Something I Need
A very nice song with lots of different verb forms. While you can start the lesson with Past Simple and verbs such as had, woke, stayed, could, etc. you can use other verbs to compare Past Simple with other tenses in English.

The Fray – Over My Head (Cable Car)
This song is suitable for teaching Past Simple (knew, needed, wanted, etc.). Additionally, you can teach prepositions (down, around, in, over, on, etc.).

Besides teaching vocabulary and grammar, songs are good starting point if you want to engage your students in a conversation. Therefore, after the listening activity, you can come up with a list of questions to start the conversation in your class. Some general questions are: What is the song about? What did you think about the song? Does the singer speak about personal experience? On the other hand, the song can only be an introduction, so for example, if you want to encourage students to use would in their answers, Katy Perry’s song is a perfect way to do so.

Six Things I Love About Duolingo

As I was browsing the internet recently, looking for a website to improve my Spanish, I came across a website for language learning called Duolingo. What I instantly loved about this website is that there were no complex lessons, definition or rules. The software encourages you to learn intuitively by learning from the examples in the quiz. Duolingo allows you to learn other languages such as English, German, French, etc.

 duolingo_003_1

In order to use the website you have to sign up. You can either sign up using Facebook or Google, or you can enter a username, email, password. Additionally, you can upload a profile photo. Once you log in to your account, you will see a language tree representing the lessons that are available for the language you are learning. The lessons are in the form of short quizzes where you have three lives, and if you happen to lose all of them, you will have to start over.

duolingo_1

However, there are a lot of language learning websites out there. I mean a LOT. What kept me coming back to Duolingo over and over are these six things.

1) Addictive

Addictive gamified learning process is a perfect way to engage students. It is similar like playing games and you try and try until you pass the level. Losing hearths and limited number of mistakes within one test keeps you really focused on the game. As if I was playing any other game, after I’ve lost all the lives in one test and after I’ve see little Duo’s sad face, I simply had to try out again.

2) Interesting

Learning can get really tedious since it is a long process that requires a lot concentration and motivation. Game-like design, modern look and engaging exercises make it very interesting. You learn a language by discovering on your own, without boring definitions and rules you are not sure how to apply. In addition, it is possible to interact with other members in the discussion stream or help with translating the documents.

duolingo_2

3) Challenging

Each lesson brings new words and phrases that you have to combine with what you have already learned. Unlocking new lessons and passing the tests is a real challenge, regardless of the level you are at. Learning from your own mistakes will boost up your determination in mastering a specific lesson.

4) Interactive

The lessons combine the usage of all four language skills through different types of exercises within each test. Speech-recognition technology helps you refine speaking. Other exercises include writing what you hear, translating, choosing the correct answer(s), finding the correct word order, etc.

duolingo_001_1

5) Flexible

Mobile-friendly websites and apps are definitely our future and as the world is going mobile, we expect to use our mobile devices like we use computers. Luckily, there is Duolingo app that is almost identical when it comes to the quizzes. Lying in my soft in the living room is a perfect place for me to learn with Duolingo.

6) Free

And finally, Duolingo is completely free! There is a Duolingo store where you can buy additional exercises and lessons with Duolingo’s currency – lingots. However, besides purchasing the lingots, you can get them if you practice with Duolingo on regular basis. Leveling up, finishing skills and completing a lesson with full hearts are some of the ways to earn lingots.

duolingo_004_1

Hopefully, you will find this website as useful as I do. Feel free to share your impressions in the comments.

Teaching Pronouns in English

Teaching English using music is a great way to engage your students, especially if you use songs they like. In one of my lessons,  I have used Taylor Swift’s song “Ours” to teach pronouns in English. However, I’ve also added some vocabulary and grammar exercises related to the text.

Here are the instructions on how to use this lesson in class:

1. Listen to the song without the text.

2. Listen to the song again. This time students have the text with missing words. The goal is to fill in the missing words. Have in mind that all of the missing words are in fact pronouns (you can leave out some other words as well).

Ours – Taylor Swift

Elevator buttons and morning air
Strangers’ silence makes _______ wanna take the stairs
If you were here we’d laugh about their vacant stares
But right now _______ time is theirs

Seems like there’s always someone who disapproves
They’ll judge it like they know about _______ and _______
And the verdict comes from those with nothing else to do
The jury’s out, but _______ choice is you

So don’t you worry _______ pretty little mind
People throw rocks at things that shine
And life makes love look hard
The stakes are high, the water’s rough
But this love is ours

You never know what people have up _______ sleeves
Ghosts from your past gonna jump out at me
Lurking in the shadows with their lip gloss smiles
But _______ don’t care ’cause right now you’re _______

And you’ll say
Don’t you worry your pretty little mind
People throw rocks at things that shine
And life makes love look hard
The stakes are high, the water’s rough
But this love is _______

And it’s not _______ to speculate
If _______’s wrong and
Your hands are tough
But they are where _______ belong and
I’ll fight their doubt and give you faith
With this song for _______

‘Cause _______ love the gap between your teeth
And I love the riddles that you speak
And any snide remarks from my father about _______ tattoos will be ignored
‘Cause my heart is _______

So don’t you worry your pretty little mind
People throw rocks at things that shine
And life makes love look hard
Don’t you worry your pretty little mind
People throw rocks at things that shine
But _______ can’t take what’s ours
They can’t take what’s ours

3. Discuss the pronouns in English before you go on with the exercises.

Exercise 1 – Write the missing pronouns:

Personal pronouns    Possessive adjectives    Possessive pronouns
I                         ________                     ________
________                  your                         ________
he                        ________                    his
________                  her                          hers
________                  its                          its
we                        our                          ________
they                      ________                     ________

Exercise 2 – Circle the pair of words that rhyme:

Shine – Mine
Love – Move
Life – Live
Rough – Tough
Make – Cake
Rough – Roof

Exercise 3 – Find the synonyms:

distrust, concern, disallow, glimmer, glare, difficult, big

1. worry
2. hard
3.  stare
4.  doubt
5. shine
6. disapprove
7. high

Exercise 4 – Write the full forms:

… If you were here we’d laugh about their vacant stares …
… Seems like there’s always someone who disapproves
They’ll judge it like they know about …
… So don’t you worry your pretty little mind …
… The stakes are high, the water’s rough …

How to teach English using music

If have you ever wanted to teach using songs, here are few ideas how to organize a lesson. When it comes to teaching English (or any other language for that matter) you have to plan your lesson carefully so that you avoid any problems that might come up along the way.  zznote

The first thing you should do is to choose the song. Although this might sound quite easy, from my personal experience, it may be the most difficult part when preparing a “music lesson”.

zznoteYou have to pay attention to:

  • What do you want to teach?

Setting up the goal of your lesson will help you decide which song to use. You should choose the song depending on the topic you are about to teach. For example, if you want to teach conditionals you should choose a song with a lot of “if”s in the song lyrics. If your goal is to teach adjectives, choose a song that has a lot of adjectives in the lyrics (check out one of the previous articles for some ideas: Five cool songs to teach adjectives in English.)

  • Who are your students?                                                        zznote

After you have set up your goal, and narrowed down the list of potential songs, now it is the time to narrow it down even more. The age and the cultural surrounding can have a tremendous impact on the outcome of your lesson. Don’t try to teach adults using some children songs, as it is doomed to fail. On the other hand, if you are teaching beginner level students, you should choose a song with a lot repetition. Have in mind that if the students don’t like the song, or if they feel uncomfortable in some way, they will be reluctant to participate in any activity, and let alone to join discussion.

zznotezNow that you have chosen the song, here is how to make the lesson based on the lyrics:

Warm up – get students involved by discussing the title or performer. Have they already heard of that song? If yes, what did they think of it? If not, can they guess what the song is about?

Gap fill – leave out some of the words and give the lyrics to students to fill in. If the words are relatively familiar to your students you don’t have to provide the words that are to be used. On the other hand, if you believe that the words are too difficult for them, you should write all the missing words in a box for students to choose from.           zznote

Vocabulary in use – students have to use the words from the song in the sentences. You can use the missing words from the previous exercise, or you can add other words from the lyrics. This type of exercise is also good for practicing expressions.

Matching – you can set up two columns of words and ask students to match, for example antonyms, synonyms, words that go together, etc.

Table – this is a good way to visually represent some patterns or rules. For example, if you are teaching conditionals, ask your students to fill in the two columns, main clause and subordinate clause.

zznoteAdding missing elements – write the words or sentences and ask your students to fill in the missing letters or the missing element of the phrases, for example phrasal verbs missing prepositions.

True or false – write the sentences about the song lyrics and ask the students to decide if they are true or false. You can also add another option – we don’t know, it doesn’t say.

Answer the questions and start up a discussion – think of some questions about the lyrics and then the students can continue talking about the topic.

Have you got some more ideas for the exercises?  zznotez
What’s your experience with teaching English with music?

Etymology of Social Media Sites

You probably can’t imagine your life without social networking sites. You use them daily to catch up with your friends, to find out latest scoops, etc. The social network idea was originally created in order to connect; to communicate.

You must have wondered at least once, how is it that they come up with such names like Google, Facebook, etc.

Facebook – This name was derived from the colloquial name of the book given by the administrators at the university at the beginning of the school year in order to help students to get to know each other. The version of this book at Harvard was called “Facemash”.

Google – The name comes from the mathematical term “googol” meaning a very large number (10100). Larry Page and Sean Anderson were trying to come up with the name and they come up with this idea. While Anderson was checking to see if the name was available, he made a typo and entered “google” into the browser. Today, we have a verb to google (meaning to search on Google).

Twitter – The original name of the project was “Status” as the idea was to send short messages. As the team was brainstorming, they thought of the word “twitch”, and then looked up in the dictionary for similar words. That is how they found “twitter” meaning “a short burst of inconsequential information”. The verb to twitter now also means to post a message on Twitter.

Yahoo – Yahoo is an acronym for “Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle” since it started as a guide. The word itself means “rude, unsophisticated”.  Social media on Smartphone

Apple – It is believed that there are two reasons for this name. Steve Jobs worked summer jobs at a California apple farm and that is way he chose that name. It is believed that the other reason might be the fact that he loved the Beatles, whose label was Apple Records.

Skype – The original name of Skype was “Sky peer-to-peer”, they shortened it to “Skyper”, but the domain was already taken, so they dropped the “r” and “Skype” is what left. Nowadays, we often use the verb to skype, to refer to the communication over the internet using this software.